The twentyfirst centuty man has made significant progress in the field of science and technology, bringing comfort and ease to the lives of millions of people. In this era man has conquered high mountains, explored the depth of oceans and has unveiled the mysteries of heavenly bodies. Human rationality has given him a distinctive comprehension of the world, based on materialism, naturalism and positivism.
Certainly these isms and their associated socio-political, economic and technological advancement have benefited human being. That’s why western liberal democracy and its associated material progress Is End of History for people like Fukoyama. Despite of scientific expansion and material progress; does the modern man need religion? To what degree man has faith on God or a supernatural being?? For what purpose men need religion? These are few questions which we will address in our subsequent lines.
There is no doubt that secularism, skepticism, mechanistic naturalism and off course Atheism have posed great threats to religions after European Renaissance. Europeans escape from the clutches of Christian church and associated success of science as a new god, replacing the old God. It has questioned the authority and Validity of Religion in 16th and 17th century. Off course, religion at that time was engaged in mythological and superstitious interpretations of faith and human problems, which later own science has disproved. One example just to substantiate the argument is that of the geocentric explanation of the solar system. Which later science has invalidated and replaced it with the heliocentric explanation of solar system.
Needless to say, the genius of science for the benefit and wellbeing of human beings, but still it has unable to address a large part of human existence. Large part in a sense that all part of the spiritual dimension and some part of the material dimension of man is beyond the scope of science.
So religion has step in to fill that gap. Man is not a mere vessel filled with blood and flesh, rather he has spiritual dimension with a soul. In other worlds, we may call, man is himself a universe, or what we may call, it as microcosm. Like the universe outside man, the inner universe has also some requirements, something related to man’s eternal life. Questions related to human existence, human death, and life after death. These are few questions, over which, science has unable to quench the thrust of man.
Necessity always compels man to associate him towards an activity. For example medicine cures the disease, so men associate him in the field of medicine. Same is true for all activates of man in this world. Religion also addresses some problems of man, so he bent towards religion to seek the solutions of these problems. The problems of men which religion addresses can be broadly categorized into two, the immediate problems and the ultimate problems. Immediate problems deal with man day to day activities. Such as, humans relationships with other fellow being, at individually level as well as at collectively level. The well-known quotation of the noted Greek Philosopher, Aristotle “Man is a social animal” and his explanation of the spontaneous emergence of a family, state and eventually a civilization is very natural.
Hence, it is difficult for man to live in isolation, he seek to interact with other fellow beings. For interactions with other human beings, men need laws. Law is imperative for smooth flow human society. It is because it helps to avoid injustice, inequalities, preservation of human rights in society. Now, who should make laws for human society? Certainly first response which comes to our mind is that a person or a group who is unbiased, unprejudiced, who is well aware of human nature, aware of the society for which he/ they is [are] formulating law.
Firstly these all qualities cannot be amalgamated in one person. Secondly, if a group of people muster their distinctive qualities and sit together to formulate laws. It is certain that they would not be unanimously agreed over a common law. Suppose if they do agree, they will instinctively look for his/ their interest first. Thirdly there is a change that stronger person will try to compel the law makers to mold the law, which will serve their interest. Consequently, men need a superior, unbiased, able and perfect being for formulation of laws. That being, without any doubt is God, The Creator, and Sustainer of this universe; who is omnipotent, omniscient.
Religion guides the Homo sapiens in all spheres of life. It teaches men how to behave with parents, neighbors, elders, spouse, and relatives. Needless to say, those who have adopted a profane orientation of life have tumbled the aforesaid values. Today in the non-religious societies, people send their parents to old houses, people do not know, who is living in their neighborhood. The very essence of human association, or what we may call it as civic sense or the economist translate it as social capital are absent in today’s non religious, secular societies. Here is the gap, very wide and steep, where religion steps in, to guide humanity. Religion teaches us manner, ethics, values. It direct us how to treat parents, neighbors, elder, younger, spouse. Without religion one cannot even imagine a harmonious society based on justice, equity, equality, human and moral values and fair play, which we ourselves have witnessed in the modern societies of today.
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