Gilgit - Baltistan

Education for Peace

By: Sharif Khan Faculty PDCN 

Early childhood educational development (ECED) is one of the most important and tremendous contribution of the psychologists and educationists of the 20th century, which exposed and got popularity in the twenty first century.  

ECED is associated with pre-primary or nursery settings, focusing on the cognitive development and socialization of children (3-8 years). Early childhood is defined as a period from conception to eight years. The emphasis is placed upon the holistic development of the child. It provides opportunity for self-reliance, thinking, reasoning and boost up their self-esteem. ECED helps children’s to improve in communication skills, improved nutrition and hygiene.  

Most of ECED planners and implementers believe in the ways of execution or how part of ECED. The points given below are based on many good practices of Professional Development Center North (PDCN) an affiliated organization of the Aga Khan University –Institute for Educational development (AKU-IED). It is viable through supportive policy environment.

Supportive Policy Environment 

The supportive policy environment contributes in ECED execution and makes a difference for the holistic development of children. Governance and management focus on sensitization of the stakeholders, organizing conferences and seminars, caring competent teachers and parental involvement by ensuring the high scope approach of active learning. 

  • Sensitization Of The Stakeholders:Through workshops meetings and study tours/field trips of the stakeholders are given priority to embark on what, why and how aspects of ECED by sharing experiences, research findings and field experiences of the ideal ECED center teachers, students, parents and communities in their real context. 
  • Organizing Seminars And Conferences: Seminars and conferences will help the stakeholders to share their experiences in ECED centers. On yearly basis the governors and management of the ECED class/centers manage to held seminars and conferences to share experiences and their learning and develop futuristic plan accordingly. 
  • Financial Allocation To ECED: ECED is a demanding resource extensive component and the governors and managers need to mange the resources to ensure the essence, rather to use traditional approaches of resource allocation in hierarchal approaches as common in our traditional educational systems. 
  • Caring Competent Teachers: In ECED priority is given to the presence of caring and competent teachers and the factors consider much important are knowledge, skill and attitude. These categories help to contribute in holistic development of children for making them an independent informed responsible citizen. 
  • Parental Involvement;It is evident from the World Bank experiences and research reports that from early 1980s, community involvement made a tremendous improvement in developed and developing world in poverty reduction, institutional development in various disciplines such as education, health, rural development, micro-credit and enterprise development etc. Thus, ECED is an area, whereas parental involvement (in border sense community participation, community involvement) works as a key pillar.  
  • Awareness sessions:  parents, SMCs, Mothers, parents, teachers, managers, Governors such as SMCs, VECs and BOGs etc).
  • Mothers’ Day: on yearly basis mothers day is planned to give them opportunity to see their kids’ performances and to share strengths, weaknesses and suggestions for further improvement as based on their learning experiences.
  • Parents’ Teachers Meeting: Parents’ Teachers Meeting is tailored as the need arises or planned during the beginning of the year while developing yearly plan for ECED).

Active learning The historical background of the high scope learning initiated by Dr. David P. Weikart (1931-2003) president and founder of high/scope approach PhD in education and psychology. ‘Mamacholasu’ is a terminology used in high scope learning. ‘Mamacholasu’ stands for:

ma =  material

ma = manipulation

cho = choice

la    = language

su   = support


Key learning areas

Teachers in ECED class/centre distributes the class in different learning areas and provides opportunities to the kids to visit the learning areas of their choices. The kids get help from the enabling learning environment and feel enthusiasm to participate in different activities independently, whereas, the teachers play the role of guide/ facilitators and mentors. The key learning areas in an ECED class/center are math areas, science areas, language areas, construction areas, art and craft areas, music areas and home areas. 

In each learning areas the ECED kids are supposed to learn the concepts related to that particular area by ensuring their active participation and the teachers tailors it by keeping in view the aims and objectives of ECED. An ideal ECED class/always focus on low cost and no-cost materials with the availability story books, rhymes, poems and the most important thing is their ‘lunch box’. A good ECED teacher always prepares daily routine for his/her class and ensures to practice it consistently. A sample of daily routine for ECED class is shared below to get more information and clarity. 

A Sample of Daily Routine for ECED Class

08:00-08-10                Dua /National Anthem

08:10-8:30                  Listening and speaking time

08:30-09:15                Group work time

09:15-9:30                  Outside time

9:30-09:50                  Snack time

9:50-10:00                  Planning time

10:00-11:00                Gosha Time

11:00-11:10                Clean up Time

11:10-11:30                Review Time

11:30-12:00                Story and Rhyme Time

 If our school systems, civil society institutions and communities give priority to ensure the quality of ECED class/centers in Northern areas (Gilgit-Baltistan), then, there is no doubt that one day our schools become center of excellence parallel to the famous institutions in the globe  and our society will lead to peaceful developed nation. I am sure that the readers will get insights from this article and try to motivate the stakeholders to take initiatives for quality ECED centers.


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  1. dear sir its very informative topic and very important part of educational process for the awareness of the people its very important to introduce such topics which will help the students as well as the parents to understand what is importance of ECD and what is the responsibility of parents and what is the responsibility of students to deal with.dear sir i apperciade your efforts for working on one of the important area of education…..

    Didar Karim Bari
    Education Planing & Managment Department
    NUML university Islamabad

  2. Ustad-e-Mohtaram,
    A very important chapter you have opened and this has to be taught to all the parents who are not aware of its significance and long lasting effects.Although I am not an educationist but based on my personal experiences I think that the socialization,mobility,hygiene,cognitive skills and many more mentioned above if enhanced and betterly developed in children,builds them in a holisitic manner and develops in them the sense od competition,sense of grooming and sense of adding to the construction of their personality building.Such activities instigate their minds and provoke them to embark onto something innovative.
    I wish I had the opportunity to go through these stages of ECD in my early childhood phase.
    I appreciate the efforts of Ustad Sharif who has really been contributing towards the changing of many old mind sets and letting them to know about the challanges and changes in the field of education.
    Best wishes Ustad

  3. Education of a child begins in the womb of the mother, some say. The physical, psychological and other conditions of the mother have lasting effects on the personality of the child, it is argued by many.

    No doubt there has to be an emphasis on education of the children because the skills they learn at this stage of their lives will play a very important role in their future careers and, subsequently, lifestyles.

    The importance of educating at the tender age can be guaged by studying the patterns of educaiton that were to be followed in the imaginary state called “UTOPIA”, during the heights of Greek philosophy and civilization, lead by Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The warrior race that the philosopher wanted to create had to be tamed, trained, in a certain way, under highly hygienic conditions, using the best of resources and the best of teaching techniques available then.

    In my point of view the quality and ideological propensities of the content that is being delivered to the children, would play a very important role in the upbringing and future behavior of the child. The symbols that are used to enhance the various skills of the children have to be chosen carefully, in my point of view. No doubt using symbols and tools to educate make learning easier but then there are other psychological aspects related to various signs, symbols and, even, words.

    While making the children learn new skills it is impossible to control the transfer of values, ideas and attitudes. The keen children, at the tender age, don’t have superior analytical thinking frameworks, so they might internalize things that are not best suited for them.! What norms, values, ideologies and emotions do the teachers want to arouse in the children while educating them is a question that must be in the mind of every teacher. It is as if the teacher is working in a palace of glasses, every step, in my opinion, has to be taken very carefully.

    There is no doubt that the “Western” inspired teaching techniques are highly efficient and effective. But we also have to deliberate on the kind of human beings that are born because of the teaching techniques that the Westerners have used!! The kind of human beings that educational institutions produce depends of the syllabus being taught, apart from the way it is taught or the conditions under which it is being taught.



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