Sat. Apr 4th, 2020

Water and Sanitation: German govt and AKDN help improve lives in Gilgit Baltistan and Chitral 

Islamabad, 28 January: Long-standing partners, the German Federal Foreign Office through Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (KfW) Development Bank and agencies of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN – Aga Khan Foundation, Pakistan (AKF-P) and Aga Khan Planning and Building Service, Pakistan (AKPBS,P) –  have concluded a successful four-year project to help improve the quality of lives for over 200,000 people by providing safe drinking water and sanitation facilities in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral. A seminar was organised to share key learnings from this project that demonstrates a unique public-private partnership between AKDN, the Government of Gilgit-Baltistan (GoGB), the Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and the local communities.

Hafiz Sher Ali - Chairman AKPBS,P
Hafiz Sher Ali – Chairman AKPBS,P

As part of KfW’s grant of €9.4 million (PKR 1.25 billion) announced in 2010, safe drinking water, sanitation and sewerage facilities were provided in northern Pakistan, through the implementation of the Water and Sanitation Extension Programme (WASEP), one of Aga Khan Planning and Building Service’s award-winning, flagship programmes. The project included provision of potable water to people in over 12,000 homes, installation of 10,000 latrines and more than 12,000 household tap stands, as well as 500 communal taps. Three mega integrated area up-gradation projects were constructed in Aliabad- Hunza, and capacity building training conducted for over 500 members of Water and Sanitation Committees that manage the Operations and Maintenance of WASEP schemes.

Audience
Audience

During the seminar, Mr. Wolfgang Moellers, KfW Country Director emphasized the role of WASEP in promoting peace and harmony amongst the communities by mediating the sharing of water resources. “We appreciate the combined efforts of the concerned government departments of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit-Baltistan and the Aga Khan Development Network in addressing the local development issues with effective public participation. This synergistic approach is the reason why Germany has supported AKDN over the last 20 years,” said Moellers.

In his opening remarks, Mr. Akhtar Iqbal, CEO-AKF (Pak) said, “WASEP not only provides support to address basic water and sanitation needs of the people but facilitates the communities to put in place structures for long term development in their respective areas. WASEP’s approach of “working with the communities” has helped in building capacities of the local people, and empowering women. We are indebted to our German partners for this splendid support and uncompromising collaboration.”

Mr Sohail Khoja Vice-Chair of Aga Khan Foundation Pakistan extended his gratitude to the German government and KfW. He talked about the partnership between AKDN and KfW that has been effective in Africa, Central Asia, Middle East and Pakistan. He also emphasized on the partnership between AKDN and the government in Pakistan that has been exemplary in Pakistan and successful projects like improving maternal, neo natal and child health have the potential to be replicated in other districts of Pakistan.

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Asifullah Khan, Secretary LG&RD Gilgit-Baltistan

“The relationship with KfW has been significant in helping us to improve the quality of life of destitute populations in the northern Pakistan. With the application of sustainable and risk resilient technical interventions, we have been able to uplift the lives, particularly of women and young girls, who used to spend a large part of their day collecting water from contaminated sources located far away from their villages,” Hafiz Sherali, Chairman  AKPBSP said. He added that the health indicators for people in these areas had significantly improved as WASEP schemes ensure that drinking water quality standards are met as prescribed by the World Health Organization.

Prior to these schemes, the villagers had no access to reliable supply of safe drinking water in the area. Nearly half the population in GBC does not have access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities. Many households have no option but to collect water from open, contaminated channels thus falling victim to water-borne diseases. During harsh winters, women and children suffer the most as they are the principal collectors and bearers of water, and have to travel long distances to collect water for drinking, washing and cleaning. According to pre-intervention indicators in the region, 30 to 40 percent of all deaths were attributed to water borne diseases; women and young girls spent on average three to four hours per day travelling long distances to collect contaminated water; and on average 30 percent (PKR 3,700) of a household’s income was spent on medical expenses related to waterborne diseases.

Tasleem Bano, a WASEP beneficiary from Khanabad, Lower Hunza notes, “My daughters would suffer terribly due to diarrhoea from drinking the dirty water from the un-cemented well. During the first year of my marriage, out of my husband’s monthly earnings of PKR 6,000, at least PKR 500-600 used to be spent on medical treatment for my children. We have been saved from the curse of diarrhoeal diseases, and I no longer have to spend time and energy hauling water uphill from the well. I can use the additional time to help my children with their homework or stitch nice clothes for them – a luxury I couldn’t afford before we were blessed with WASEP. We are even saving for constructing a house!”

Other post-intervention achievements are: improved hygiene practices such as hand washing as well as latrine usage at the household level; village to village dialogue for the purpose of reducing water dispute issues; and, water and sanitation awareness and education outreach through more than 1500 School Health Improvement Programmes (SHIP) and 1300 Community Health Improvement Programmes (CHIP).

Aga Khan Planning and Building Services’ Water and Sanitation Extension Programme (WASEP) has benefitted more than 350,000 people in Gilgit-Baltistan and Chitral by providing them access to safe water and sanitation facilities. The projects have had positive impacts on health, education (improved school attendance), economic development (reduced time burden on women collecting water to instead engage in recreational/income generating activities), and gender empowerment (women are given a central role in all projects to raise awareness with regards to health and hygiene practices). The interventions also promote behavioural change, reduce burdens on income resulting from expenditures on health, and reduce burdens on women and children of collecting water from distant sources.

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